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Diagnostic value of 18F-FDG PET/CT in trauma patients with suspected chronic osteomyelitis

, : Diagnostic value of 18F-FDG PET/CT in trauma patients with suspected chronic osteomyelitis. European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging 34(5): 704-714

To retrospectively evaluate the diagnostic value of (18)F-FDG PET/CT in trauma patients with suspected chronic osteomyelitis. Thirty-three partial body (18)F-FDG PET/CT scans were performed in 33 patients with trauma suspected of having chronic osteomyelitis. In 10 and 23 patients, infection was suspected in the axial and appendicular skeleton, respectively. In 18 patients, PET/CT was performed in the presence of metallic implants. Histopathology or bacteriological culture was used as the standard of reference. For statistical analysis, sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were calculated in relation to findings of the reference standard. Of 33 PET/CT scans, 17 were true positive, 13 true negative, two false positive and one false negative. Eighteen patients had chronic osteomyelitis and 15 had no osseous infection according to the reference standard. Sensitivity, specificity and accuracy for (18)F-FDG PET/CT was 94%, 87% and 91% for the whole group, 88%, 100% and 90% for the axial skeleton and 100%, 85% and 91% for the appendicular skeleton, respectively. (18)F-FDG PET/CT is a highly sensitive and specific method for the evaluation of chronic infection in the axial and appendicular skeleton in patients with trauma. PET/CT allows precise anatomical localisation and characterisation of the infectious focus and demonstrates the extent of chronic osteomyelitis with a high degree of accuracy.

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Accession: 048780075

PMID: 17136411

DOI: 10.1007/s00259-006-0290-4

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