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Dynamic response characteristics of local muscle blood flow regulatory mechanisms in human forearm exercise



Dynamic response characteristics of local muscle blood flow regulatory mechanisms in human forearm exercise



Journal of Applied Physiology 98(4): 1286-1296



We sought to understand the nature of control mechanisms involved in the adaptation of exercising muscle hyperemia. Seven subjects performed rhythmic dynamic forearm exercise under two exercise conditions: small step 1 [step increase from rest to 40% peak forearm vascular conductance (FVC), in ml.min(-1).100 mmHg-1] for 5 min followed by small step 2 (further increase to 80% peak FVC for 5 min), and large step (step increase from rest to 80% peak FVC for 5 min). FVC data were fit with a two- (small step 1) and three-component (small step 2, large step) exponential as appropriate. For the rapid phase I response, FVC dynamic response characteristics (time delay, time constant) were not affected by the magnitude of the work intensity increase when the transition began from rest, but were slower in the 40-80% transition. Rest-80% gain was greater than either rest-40% or 40-80% transitions but represented the same proportion of the phase I + phase II gain across all transitions (57 vs. 56 vs. 57%, respectively, P = 0.975). For the slower phase II response, dynamic response characteristics were not affected by the magnitude of the work intensity increase when initiated from rest. The time constant was not altered when the transition began from exercise vs. rest. We conclude that 1) dynamic response characteristics of exercise hyperemia control mechanisms are not affected by the magnitude of work rate increase when forearm exercise is initiated from rest, 2) phase I but not phase II dynamic response characteristics are sensitive to baseline exercise intensity, and 3) the mechanisms contributing to phase I result in the same relative response magnitude, regardless of the size of the step increase in exercise intensity or the baseline from which it is initiated.

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Accession: 048840408

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 15579568

DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.01118.2004


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