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Effect of localization of pulmonary arterial changes on echocardiographic indices of right heart function and their correlation with exercise capacity: comparison of arterial and thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension



Effect of localization of pulmonary arterial changes on echocardiographic indices of right heart function and their correlation with exercise capacity: comparison of arterial and thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension



Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnetrznej 111(4): 467-475



To assess correlation between exercise tolerance and Doppler-derived indices of right ventricular (RV)--pulmonary arterial coupling in patients with different location of vascular lesions causing pulmonary hypertension (PH). 45 patients: 21 with thromboembolic (TE-PH) and 24 with arterial PH defined as systolic pulmonary arterial pressure (SPAP) > 40 mm Hg. The two groups were similar as far as SPAP (74,8 +/- 15,2 vs 76.5 +/- 14,1 mm Hg, p = ns) and distance covered during 6 minute walk test (339 +/- 116 vs 320 +/- 127, p = ns) are concerned. Flow velocity curve in the RV outflow tract were different in the two groups. Time from onset to peak velocity of ejection (acceleration time, AcT) as well as to midsystolic deceleration were shorter in TE-PH then in arterial PH (59.0 +/- 6.3 vs 68.1 +/- 15.4 msec, p = 0.015 and 123.8 +/- 17.9 vs 137.9 +/- 29.7 msec, p = 0.071, respectively). In the whole studied group as well as in arterial PH significant correlation between exercise tolerance and Doppler-derived indices of RV--pulmonary arterial coupling were found (r = 0.51, p < 0.001 and r = 0.72, p = < 0.001, respectively). Interestingly, no such relationship was found in TE-PH, (r = 0.16, p = ns). In contrast to arterial PH, pressure wave prematurely reflected from the intraluminal thrombi seem to disturb the RV ejection pattern and its correlation with exercise tolerance in TE-PH. Whether progression or effects of treatment on arterial PH can be assessed by monitoring changes in Doppler-derived indices of RV--pulmonary arterial coupling requires further studies.

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Accession: 048881560

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PMID: 15517761


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