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Effect of recombinant human interleukin-11 on expressions of interleukin-11 receptor alpha-chain and glycoprotein 130 in intestinal epithelium cell line-6 after neutron irradiation

Effect of recombinant human interleukin-11 on expressions of interleukin-11 receptor alpha-chain and glycoprotein 130 in intestinal epithelium cell line-6 after neutron irradiation

World Journal of Gastroenterology 12(19): 3055-3059

To explore the effect of recombinant human interleukin-11 (rhIL-11) on the expressions of interleukin-11 receptor alpha-chain (IL-11Ralpha) and an additional signal transducer glycoprotein 130 (gp130) in intestinal epithelium cell line-6 (IEC-6) after neutron irradiation. Cultured IEC-6 cells were exposed to 4.0Gy neutron and treated with 100 ng/mL rhIL-11 12 h prior to or immediately after irradiation. The apoptosis and necrosis rates and expressions of IL-11Ralpha and gp130 were observed by flow cytometry, immunohistochemistry, Western blot and image analysis. The apoptosis rate of IEC-6 cells was increased by irradiation at 6 h (P < 0.01), IL-11 stimulation resulted in a decreased apoptosis rate in irradiated IEC-6 cells (P < 0.05). In normal control IEC-6 cells, intense immunoreactivity of IL-11Ralpha was located within the cell membrane and cytoplasm. The level of IL-11Ralpha expression significantly decreased at 6 h after irradiation (P < 0.01) and restored at 24 h after irradiation. In IEC-6 cells treated with both radiation and rhIL-11, the level of IL-11Ralpha expression was higher than that of irradiated cells (P < 0.05). When it came to gp130 protein, it was located in the cytoplasm of IEC-6 cells. After irradiation, we found a progressive decrease in the expression of gp130 protein (P < 0.05) in 48 h post-radiation, while in rhIL-11-stimulated cells, it came back to normal level at 24 h after irradiation and decreased at 48 h, but was still higher than that of only irradiated cells (P < 0.05). rhIL-11 can protect IEC-6 cells from neutron irradiation. The protective effect of rhIL-11 might be connected with its ability to up-regulate the expressions of specific ligand-binding subunit IL-11Ralpha and signal-transducing subunit gp130.

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Accession: 048887818

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PMID: 16718787

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