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Effects of bafilomycin A1, a vacuolar type H+ ATPase inhibitor, on the thermosensitivity of a human pancreatic cancer cell line


Effects of bafilomycin A1, a vacuolar type H+ ATPase inhibitor, on the thermosensitivity of a human pancreatic cancer cell line



International Journal of Hyperthermia: the Official Journal of European Society for Hyperthermic Oncology North American Hyperthermia Group 22(4): 275-285



ISSN/ISBN: 0265-6736

PMID: 16754349

DOI: 10.1080/02656730600708049

It has been known that the thermosensitivity of tumour cells can be increased by lowering intra-cellular pH (pHi) by inhibiting pHi control mechanisms. The pHi is partially controlled by transport of H+ from cytoplasm into endocytic and secretary systems in the cells mediated by vacuolar type H+ATPase and also by transport of H+ through plasma membrane. This study investigated the effects the bafilomycine A1, an inhibitor of the vacuolar type H+ATPase and the EIPA, an inhibitor of the Na+/H+ exchanger in plasma membrane, on thermosensitivity of AsPC-1 cells, a human pancreatic cancer cell line. It also investigated the effects of combination of bafilomycine A1 and EIPA. The treatment of cancer cells with bafilomycine A1 or EIPA individually slightly lowered pHi of the cells in vitro and increased the thermosensitivity of the cells. The combination of these two drugs significantly lowered pHi and increased thermosensitivity of cancer cells in vitro and enhanced the heat-induced the growth delay of AsPC-1 tumours grown s.c in the legs of BALB/cA nude mice.

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Accession: 048904022

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