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Effects of tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases-4 on the activities of matrix metalloproteinases and collagen of artery: experiment with rats



Effects of tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases-4 on the activities of matrix metalloproteinases and collagen of artery: experiment with rats



Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 86(7): 472-475



To investigate the effects of tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases-4 (TIMP-4) on the activities of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and the collagen deposition. Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) of rat thoracic aorta were cultured and divided into 3 groups: 2 groups to be transfected with adenovirus vector containing green fluorescence protein (AdGFP) or adenovirus vector containing TIMP-4 (AdTIMP-4), and one group un-transfected. Zymography and reverse zymography were used to detect the activities of MMP-2, MMP-9 and TIMP-4 in the supernatants. Male Wistar rats underwent balloon injury of common carotid artery and then divided into 3 groups: pure injury group, AdGFP transfection group, and AdTIMP-4. transfection group. Four and 28 days later 3 and 6 rats were killed in each group respectively to undergo microscopy and examination of the activities of MMP-2, MMP-9, and TIMP-4, and collagen quantity. The MMP-2 activity in the VSMC culture fluid supernatant of the AdTIMP-4 group was decreased dose-dependently, however, the activity of MMP-9 did not changed significantly among the 3 groups. Bands of activated MMP-2 and MMP-9 could not be examined in the normal vessel tissues. Four hours after the injury, the activity of MMP-2 was significantly increased in the pure injury group and AdGFP group, however, was significantly decreased in the AdTIMP-4 group. Four days later no MMP activity could be detected in either group. The neoformation of tunica intima was inhibited by 66% in the AdTIMP-4 group, The collagen quantity per vessel cell was 12.1 +/- 1.0 in the AdGFP group, not significantly different from that of in the AdTIMP-4 group (11.9 +/- 1, P > 0.05), and the collagen quantity per tunica adventitia cell in the AdTIMP-4 group was 118 +/- 13, not significantly different from that of the pure injury group (135 +/- 11, P > 0.05). The regulation of MMP/TIMP balance by TIMP-4 may control the metabolism of collagen and play an important role in the vascular repair process.

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Accession: 048916929

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PMID: 16677575


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