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Evaluating and treating the prodromal stage of schizophrenia

Evaluating and treating the prodromal stage of schizophrenia

Current Psychiatry Reports 6(4): 289-295

Identification of a person in the prodromal stage of schizophrenia, before the onset of the first episode of psychosis, provides an opportunity for early, potentially preventative, interventions. Recent attempts to develop "at risk" or "prodromal syndrome" diagnostic criteria have proved to be successful at identifying individuals at high risk for psychosis. Preliminary investigations find that pharmacologic and psychotherapeutic interventions may reduce the risk of psychosis in "at risk" individuals, but until more is known, current treatment guidelines recommend close monitoring, therapeutic interventions that address identified problems, including supportive or cognitive therapies to reduce the functional consequences of the presenting symptoms, family interventions to reduce family distress and improve coping, and intervention with schools to decrease likelihood of school failure. Pharmacologic intervention targeting the prodromal symptoms is not recommended, given the uncertain risk-benefit ratio.

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Accession: 048990535

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 15260945

DOI: 10.1007/s11920-004-0079-8

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