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Evaluation of a Western blot technique (Helicoblot 2.1) for the diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection in children



Evaluation of a Western blot technique (Helicoblot 2.1) for the diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection in children



Pathology 35(2): 157-160



We evaluated the performance of Helicoblot 2.1 which differentiates the reactivity to each of the various Helicobacter pylori antigens, and compared the results with those obtained by standard techniques (rapid urease test and histological examination of gastric biopsy) in symptomatic children of different ages living in Antalya, Turkey. Eighty-eight children (mean age, 9.15 years) were divided into two groups. The first group included 66 children who were found to be infected with H. pylori. The second group included 22 children who were negative for H. pylori. Serum samples collected from all patients were tested for H. pylori IgG antibodies by immunoblot assay (Helicoblot 2.1). The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values for detection of H. pylori infection were 80%, 100%, 100% and 85%, respectively. In children under 7 years of age, the sensitivity of the test was found to be lower than other age groups (P<0.05). No relationship was found between peptic ulcer and cagA antibody positivity (P>0.05). Helicoblot 2.1 is a useful non-invasive diagnostic tool for H. pylori infection in children over 6 years of age.

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Accession: 048993224

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PMID: 12745464

DOI: 10.1097/01268031-200335020-00011


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