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Evaluation of a capillary zone electrophoresis system versus a conventional agarose gel system for routine serum protein separation and monoclonal component typing



Evaluation of a capillary zone electrophoresis system versus a conventional agarose gel system for routine serum protein separation and monoclonal component typing



Clinical Laboratory 52(1-2): 19-27



Capillary zone electrophoresis of serum proteins is increasingly gaining impact in clinical laboratories. During 2003, we compared the fully automated capillary electrophoresis (CE) system from Beckman (Paragon CZE 2000) with the method agarose gel electrophoresis Sebia (Hydrasis-Hyris, AGE). This new study focused on the evaluation of analytical performance and a comparison including 115 fresh routine samples (group A) and a series of 97 frozen pathologic sera with suspicion of monoclonal protein (group B). Coefficients of variation (CVs %) for the five classical protein fractions have been reported to be consistenly < 9% in within-run and < 10% in between-run imprecision studies with the Paragon 2000 system. The results of the comparison study (group A) demonstrated a good correlation between the CE system and AGE, except for beta-globulin (r = 0.65). Among the 97 pathologic serum samples (group B), there were 90 in which we detected a monoclonal protein by immunofixation (IF) (immunosubtraction (IS) was not used). AGE and Paragon 2000 failed to detect 7 and 12 monoclonal proteins, respectively, leading to a concordance to 92% for AGE and 87% for Paragon 2000 for identifying electrophoretic abnormalities in this group. Beta-globulin abnormalities and M paraprotein were well detected with Paragon 2000. Only 81% (21 vs 26) of the gammopathies were immunotyped with IS by two readers blinded to the IF immunotype. The Paragon 2000 is a reliable alternative to conventional agarose gel electrophoresis combining the advantages of full automation (rapidity, ease of use and cost) with high analytical performance. Qualified interpretation of results requires an adaptation period which could further improve concordance between the methods. Recently, this CE system has been improved by the manufacturer (Beckman) concerning the migration buffer and detection of beta-globulin abnormalities.

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Accession: 048993251

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PMID: 16506360


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