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Evaluation of a programme for control of schistosoma haematobium infection in Yemen

Evaluation of a programme for control of schistosoma haematobium infection in Yemen

Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal 11(5-6): 977-987

An intervention study was conducted in Khamir, north of Sana'a, for control of urinary schistosomiasis using chemotherapy and health education. The validity and cost-effectiveness of reagent strips as a rapid diagnostic tool to screen for Schistosoma haematobium infection was also assessed along with visible haematuria. Prevalence of S. haematobium infection 14 months post-intervention fell from 58.9% to 5.8% and frequency of heavy infection from 40.0% to 18.9%. Health education sessions resulted in significant decrease in the frequency of contact with water sources and greater adherence to preventive measures. Mass chemotherapy plus health education is a feasible and effective method for reducing S. haematobium infection in Yemen. Reagent strips and visible haematuria could be cost-effective in remote areas with limited access to health services.

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Accession: 048993870

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PMID: 16761668

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