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Evaluation of a rapid automated assay for analysis of von Willebrand ristocetin cofactor activity

Evaluation of a rapid automated assay for analysis of von Willebrand ristocetin cofactor activity

Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis 12(1): 61-67

A commercially available turbidometric assay has been evaluated for the measurement of von Willebrand factor ristocetin cofactor activity (VWF:RCo). The assay is simple, rapid, and can be cost-effectively performed on automated coagulation analyzers. This study's aim is to illustrate the performance of the automated VWF:RCo assay and its capacity to identify patients with von Willebrand disease (VWD). By direct comparison with a conventional VWF:RCo assay, performed on an aggregometer, the concordance between the two assays was 96%. With minor modifications, the automated assay showed a detection level of 0.03 kIU/L with linearity to 2.00 kIU/L. The imprecision of the automated assay was reduced compared to the conventional assay procedure with CV of 6.8% at the 1.00 kIU/L level and 8.6% at the 0.30 kIU/L level. The automated VWF:RCo assay was also suitable as a screening test to detect VWD in patients investigated for the cause of an increased bleeding tendency. In this situation the automated VWF:RCo assay was tested simultaneously with an automated immunoassay for von Willebrand antigen. Receiver operating curves for the diagnosis of VWD showed a greater area under the curve for the automated VWF:RCo assay compared to the immunoassay, 0.98 vs. 0.94, although the difference did not reach significance. In conclusion, the modified automated VWF:RCo assay shows better precision, lower detection limit, is faster to perform with a lower cost per test compared to the conventional aggregometer based VWF:RCo activity method and is an alternative to an antigen immunoassay as a screening test for VWD.

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Accession: 048993905

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PMID: 16444436

DOI: 10.1177/107602960601200110

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