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Evaluation of a rapid membrane enzyme immunoassay (Testpack HIV-1/HIV-2) at zonal, regional and district hospital laboratories in Tanzania



Evaluation of a rapid membrane enzyme immunoassay (Testpack HIV-1/HIV-2) at zonal, regional and district hospital laboratories in Tanzania



Clinical and Diagnostic Virology 1(1): 39-45



The performance of a rapid and simple membrane enzyme immunoassay for antibodies to HIV-1 and HIV-2 (Testpack HIV-1/HIV-2) was evaluated by testing 1000 sera from the Kilimanjaro region of Tanzania. A sensitivity of 100% (118/118 positives) and specificity of 95.1% were obtained following the manufacturer's procedure. The specificity was significantly enhanced to 97.2% (P = 0.026) by modifying the Testpack procedure by including an extra was after serum adsorption to the unit membrane. The testing of a single specimen could be completed in 8 min and up to 10 individual tests could be run simultaneously. There was complete agreement in interpretation when the results were read independently by two trained technicians. A built-in control insured against incorrect procedures or inactive reagents. In a subsequent field trial including 450 sera, one strongly reactive sample failed to be detected at a participating field hospital for unknown reasons. The Testpack reagents proved stable for up to one year at room temperature (25-30 degrees C). The data indicate that Testpack is suitable for the detection of serum antibodies to HIV and is especially applicable in laboratories with limited facilities. When used to test African sera which are known to produce a high degree of false positivity, an extra wash of the membrane after serum adsorption is recommended.

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Accession: 048993918

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PMID: 15566717

DOI: 10.1016/0928-0197(93)90032-z


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