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Evaluation of a reinforced slot design for CEREC system to restore extensively compromised premolars

Evaluation of a reinforced slot design for CEREC system to restore extensively compromised premolars

Journal of Dentistry 34(3): 221-229

The structural stability and adhesive strength of a large-cavity premolar with a CEREC restoration is a frequent problem in long-term use. This study sought to determine whether an additional reinforced slot could increase tooth/ceramic retention using finite element (FE) analysis and fracture testing. The cavity was designed in a typical MODL restoration failure shape when the lingual cusp has been lost. Two FE restored-tooth models with different cavity designs were created using image processing, contour stacking, and mesh generation. Interfacial (normal and shear) stresses were then calculated with and without the slot design for restored teeth under lateral and axial forces and different interfacial conditions (bonded and de-bonding). For validation, a fracture experiment was performed with and without reinforced slot designs for large ceramic CEREC restorations. The maximum stresses at the buccal wall increased when a lateral occlusal force acted on the restored tooth with a slot design. Conversely, the interfacial stresses decreased when the restored tooth received a uniform axial occlusal force. After de-bonding on the buccal tooth/ceramic interface, the stresses increased by an average factor of three over those obtained with a bonded interface. The fracture forces were consistent with the tendencies predicted in FE analyses. An additional reinforced slot for the CEREC restoration of a large cavity could increase retention when a restored tooth receives an axial occlusal load. However, the benefits of a slot seem to be doubtful for a premolar often subjected to a lateral load.

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Accession: 048993944

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 16112335

DOI: 10.1016/j.jdent.2005.05.009

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