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Evaluation of a reversed-phase column (supelcosil LC-ABZ) under isocratic and gradient elution conditions for estimating octanol-water partition coefficients

Dias, N.C.; Nawas, M.I.; Poole, C.F.

Analyst 128(5): 427-433

2003

The solvation parameter model is used to identify suitable chromatographic models for estimating the octanol-water partition coefficient for neutral compounds of varied structure by reversed-phase liquid chromatography. The stationary phase Supelcosil LC-ABZ with methanol-water mobile phases affords a series of suitable correlation models for estimating the octanol-water partition coefficient (log KOW) under isocratic and gradient elution conditions. Isocratic separations with mobile phase compositions containing from about 25 to 40% (v/v) methanol provide the most accurate results for log KOW values in the range -0.1 to 4.0. Gradient separations programmed from 5 to 100% (v/v) methanol are suitable for faster separations of compounds with large log KOW values. The standard error in the estimate for the regression models of the predicted log KOW values against literature values are 0.135 log units for the 30% (v/v) methanol-water isocratic system and 0.263 log units for the methanol-water gradient system. Isocratic retention factors predicted from two gradient separations with gradient times of 15 and 45 min afford a poorer fit for the correlation models between log KOW and the estimated retention factors than that of either the above isocratic and gradient models. Plots of the retention factor (log k) as a function of mobile phase composition are generally non-linear. Values of log kw obtained by non-linear extrapolation to a volume fraction of 0% (v/v) methanol do not afford a useful model for estimating log KOW.

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