+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Evaluation of accuracy of health studies reported in mass media



Evaluation of accuracy of health studies reported in mass media



Journal of the American Pharmacists Association 45(6): 720-725



To evaluate communication of clinical research in the written media for completeness and accuracy. Observational assessment. United States. Not applicable. Content of media articles discussing randomized controlled trials was assessed by three reviewers on the basis of the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) criteria modified for the mass media. Reports from October 1 through December 31, 2002, published in the top two U.S. daily newspapers (USA Today and Wall Street Journal), weekly news magazines (Time and Newsweek), and daily news Web sources (CNN.com and MSNBC.com) and the corresponding published RCTs were analyzed. Total score and score in 10 specific content areas, leading to classification of coverage as poor, fair, or excellent. A total of 60 media reports discussing results of 25 RCTs appeared in these media during the study period. All reports were categorized as fair, and no content area was rated excellent. Several content areas received poor rankings in all and/or most media, including reporting of adverse effects, outcomes data, and statistical tests used. Media reports written by newswire services were rated more highly than were those prepared by nonnewswire services, but only 1 of 10 criteria had statistically significant differences. Mass media reports of RCTs are often incomplete. This type of reporting may misinform the lay public and may lead to questions about the applicability of the results to individual patients.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 048994165

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 16381419

DOI: 10.1331/154434505774909670


Related references

Evolving treatments in the management of laryngotracheal hemangiomas: will propranolol supplant steroids and surgery?. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology 75(11): 1450-1454, 2011

Self-reported cannabis use in Great Britain in 1981. British Journal of Addiction 80(1): 37-43, 1985

The accuracy of self-reported health behaviors and risk factors relating to cancer and cardiovascular disease in the general population: a critical review. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 17(3): 211-229, 2000

The role of quinine and urea hydrochloride in proctology. Journal of the Florida Medical Association. Florida Medical Association 35(11): 704-706, 1949

Time to promote MMR vaccine. Nursing Standard 1987) 16(17): 5-5, 2002

Changes in self-reported driving intentions and attitudes while learning to drive in Great Britain. Accident; Analysis and Prevention 59: 425-431, 2013

Examination of the management of traumatic brain injury in the developing and developed world: focus on resource utilization, protocols, and practices that alter outcome. Journal of Neurosurgery 109(3): 433-438, 2008

Does Health Coaching Grow Capacity in Cancer Survivors? A Systematic Review. Population Health Management 21(1): 63-81, 2018

A mass in the right hypochondrium with gas in its interior. Revista Clinica Espanola 179(6): 329-331, 1986

Evaluation of the deflagration hazards of organic peroxides by the revised time-pressure test. Journal of Hazardous Materials 17(1): 89-98, 1987

An eel cytochrome P450 1A gene having no XRE sequences in its 5 upstream region of 1600 bp. Ine Biotechnology (new York). 2(2): 167-172, Ch- Il, 2000

Lessons learned from providing a free nutrition labelling tool for industry - the Australian experience. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 17(3/4): 565-574, 2004

Preventing pollution the free market way. P2 Pollution Prevention Review 7(3): 17-22, 1997

Exposure and health risk of gallium, indium, and arsenic from semiconductor manufacturing industry workers. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 78(2): 123-127, 2007

Mass transfer studies in sorbing porous media part 2 experimental evaluation with tritium. Soil Science Society of America Journal 41(2): 272-278, 1977