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Evaluation of an on-farm blood progesterone test for predicting the day of parturition in cattle



Evaluation of an on-farm blood progesterone test for predicting the day of parturition in cattle



Theriogenology 37(4): 859-868



An on-farm blood progesterone enzymeimmunoassay (EIA) was evaluated as a diagnostic test to predict the time of calving within a 24-hour period in near-term dairy cows. Blood samples were taken daily from 45 cows beginning 5 days prior to their expected due dates until calving, and plasma was stored at -20 degrees C until all cows had calved. The EIA test was performed on frozen-thawed plasma samples, and progesterone concentrations were determined to be low (positive test for calving within 24 hours) or high (negative test for calving within 24 hours). Sensitivity, specificity and predictive value of the EIA to accurately determine parturition within 24 hours were 86.7, 90.8 and 75.0%, respectively. The EIA correctly predicted the day of parturition in 168 of 187 (89.8%) plasma samples. Ten additional cows were similarly monitored except the EIA was performed on whole blood immediately after collection, and the sensitivity, specificity and predictive value of the test were 80.0, 97.6 and 88.9%, respectively. The day of parturition was correctly predicted in 49 of 52 (94.2%) whole blood samples. More than 95% of the cows calved within 24 hours when their plasma progesterone reached < 1.3 ng/ml. When results of the EIA were compared with those of a radioimmunoassay (RIA), the EIA findings were used to correctly classify 190 of 232 (81.9%) plasma samples as having low (< 2.0 ng/ml) or high (>/= 2.0 ng/ml) concentrations of progesterone. The EIA test was found to be a quick, practical means of estimating progesterone concentrations in bovine plasma or whole blood and was a useful test for predicting the day of parturition in cows.

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Accession: 048994506

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PMID: 16727085

DOI: 10.1016/0093-691x(92)90047-u


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