Section 50
Chapter 49,122

Functional genomic responses to cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) and CFTR (delta508) in the lung

Xu, Y.; Liu, C.; Clark, J.C.; Whitsett, J.A.

Journal of Biological Chemistry 281(16): 11279-11291


ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9258
PMID: 16455659
DOI: 10.1074/jbc.m512072200
Accession: 049121140

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Cystic fibrosis (CF), a common lethal pulmonary disorder in Caucasians, is caused by mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator gene (CFTR) that disturbs fluid homeostasis and host defense in target organs. The effects of CFTR and delta508-CFTR were assessed in transgenic mice that 1) lack CFTR expression (Cftr-/-); 2) express the human delta508 CFTR (CFTR(delta508)); 3) overexpress the normal human CFTR (CFTR(tg)) in respiratory epithelial cells. Genes were selected from Affymetrix Murine Gene-Chips analysis and subjected to functional classification, k-means clustering, promoter cis-elements/modules searching, literature mining, and pathway exploring. Genomic responses to Cftr-/- were not corrected by expression of CFTR(delta508). Genes regulating host defense, inflammation, fluid and electrolyte transport were similarly altered in Cftr-/- and CFTR(delta508) mice. CFTR(delta508) induced a primary disturbance in expression of genes regulating redox and antioxidant systems. Genomic responses to CFTR(tg) were modest and were not associated with lung pathology. CFTR(tg) and CFTR(delta508) induced genes encoding heat shock proteins and other chaperones but did not activate the endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation pathway. RNAs encoding proteins that directly interact with CFTR were identified in each of the CFTR mouse models, supporting the hypothesis that CFTR functions within a multiprotein complex whose members interact at the level of protein-protein interactions and gene expression. Promoters of genes influenced by CFTR shared common regulatory elements, suggesting that their co-expression may be mediated by shared regulatory mechanisms. Genes and pathways involved in the response to CFTR may be of interest as modifiers of CF.

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