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HIV prevention with jail and prison inmates: Maryland's Prevention Case Management program

HIV prevention with jail and prison inmates: Maryland's Prevention Case Management program

Aids Education and Prevention 15(5): 465-480

Prevalence of HIV infection and AIDS cases is higher among inmates of correctional facilities than among the general population, especially for female inmates. This creates a strong need for effective HIV prevention with this population. Maryland's Prevention Case Management (PCM) program provides individual or group counseling to inmates nearing release to promote changes in risk behavior. Pretest and posttest surveys assess changes in perceived risk, condom attitudes, condom use self-efficacy, self-efficacy to reduce injection drug risk and other substance use risk, and behavioral intentions during participation in the program. Client contact logs, kept by counselors, document the number and duration of sessions, and the specific modules, completed by participants. Over a 4-year period, PCM records identified 2,610 participants in the program. Pre-intervention and postintervention data were available for 745 participants, with client contact log records available for 529 (71%) of these individuals. Significant, positive changes were found in self-reported condom attitudes, self-efficacy for condom use, self-efficacy for injection drug use risk, self-efficacy for other substance use risk, and intentions to practice safer sex post-release. Inmate populations are a crucial audience for HIV/AIDS testing, treatment, and prevention efforts. The Maryland PCM program has documented positive changes in participants' attitudes, self-efficacy, and intentions related to HIV risk, over a 4-year period.

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Accession: 049181526

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 14626467

DOI: 10.1521/aeap.15.6.465.24038

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