Heteroclinic connections between periodic orbits and resonance transitions in celestial mechanics

Koon, W.S.; Lo, M.W..; Marsden, J.E..; Ross, S.D..

Chaos 10(2): 427-469


ISSN/ISBN: 1089-7682
PMID: 12779398
DOI: 10.1063/1.166509
Accession: 049215395

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In this paper we apply dynamical systems techniques to the problem of heteroclinic connections and resonance transitions in the planar circular restricted three-body problem. These related phenomena have been of concern for some time in topics such as the capture of comets and asteroids and with the design of trajectories for space missions such as the Genesis Discovery Mission. The main new technical result in this paper is the numerical demonstration of the existence of a heteroclinic connection between pairs of periodic orbits: one around the libration point L(1) and the other around L(2), with the two periodic orbits having the same energy. This result is applied to the resonance transition problem and to the explicit numerical construction of interesting orbits with prescribed itineraries. The point of view developed in this paper is that the invariant manifold structures associated to L(1) and L(2) as well as the aforementioned heteroclinic connection are fundamental tools that can aid in understanding dynamical channels throughout the solar system as well as transport between the "interior" and "exterior" Hill's regions and other resonant phenomena. (c) 2000 American Institute of Physics.