+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Hidden language impairments in children: parallels between poor reading comprehension and specific language impairment?



Hidden language impairments in children: parallels between poor reading comprehension and specific language impairment?



Journal of Speech Language and Hearing Research 47(1): 199-211



This study investigates the oral language skills of 8-year-old children with impaired reading comprehension. Despite fluent and accurate reading and normal nonverbal ability, these children are poor at understanding what they have read. Tasks tapping 3 domains of oral language, namely phonology, semantics, and morphosyntax, were administered, along with measures that reflect an interaction of language domains that we refer to as broader language skills. Relative to control children matched for age and decoding ability, poor comprehenders were impaired across all measures except those tapping phonological skills. In addition to low oral language ability characterizing the group as a whole, some individuals had marked language impairments; it is argued that a substantial minority can be classified as having specific language impairment. However, none of the children had been previously recognized as having a language or reading impairment. These findings demonstrate that serious reading and language impairments are not always obvious in children who have good phonological ability and appear, superficially at least, to read well.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 049217248

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 15072539

DOI: 10.1044/1092-4388(2004/017)


Related references

The roles of cognitive and language abilities in predicting decoding and reading comprehension: comparisons of dyslexia and specific language impairment. Annals of Dyslexia 67(3): 201-218, 2017

Resistance of grammatical impairment to computerized comprehension training in children with specific and non-specific language impairments. International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders 41(1): 19-40, 2005

Reading comprehension in children with specific language impairment: an examination of two subgroups. International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders 42(1): 39-57, 2007

The effects of Fast ForWord Language on the phonemic awareness and reading skills of school-age children with language impairments and poor reading skills. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology 18(4): 376-387, 2009

Oral morphosyntactic competence as a predictor of reading comprehension in children with specific language impairment. International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders 51(4): 473-477, 2016

Information Processing and Language Comprehension in Children with Specific Language Impairment. Topics in Language Disorders 22(3): 62-84, 2002

Cognitive approach to assessing pragmatic language comprehension in children with specific language impairment. International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders 43(4): 427-447, 2008

Evaluating maturational parallels in second language children and children with specific language impairment. Applied Psycholinguistics 31(2): 320-327, 2010

Are first- and second-language factors related in predicting second-language reading comprehension? A study of Spanish-speaking children acquiring English as a second language from first to second grade. Journal of Educational Psychology 101(2): 330-344, 2009

Maternal input to children with specific language impairment during shared book reading: is mothers' language in tune with their children's production?. International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders 49(2): 204-214, 2014

Revealing hidden competencies: a new method for studying language comprehension in children with motor impairments. American Journal of Mental Retardation 94(1): 53-63, 1989

Language and reading abilities of children with autism spectrum disorders and specific language impairment and their first-degree relatives. Autism Research 2(1): 22-38, 2009

A longitudinal investigation of early reading and language skills in children with poor reading comprehension. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines 51(9): 1031-1039, 2010

Modeling the Early Language Trajectory of Language Development When the Measures Change and Its Relation to Poor Reading Comprehension. Child Development 89(6): 2136-2156, 2018

Is weak oral language associated with poor spelling in school-age children with specific language impairment, dyslexia or both?. Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics 26(9): 791-805, 2012