+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

High prevalence of restless legs syndrome in somatoform pain disorder



High prevalence of restless legs syndrome in somatoform pain disorder



European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience 257(1): 54-57



Patients with somatoform pain often complain of sleep disorders, but sleep disorders are not an integrated part of the diagnosis of this disorder. Restless legs syndrome is associated with painful symptoms and sleep disturbances. The aim of our study was to evaluate the prevalence of restless legs syndrome (RLS) in somatoform pain disorder. In this study 100 consecutive patients (mean age: 46.4; SD: 11.4; women: 58) diagnosed with somatoform pain disorder (SPD) were clinically investigated for the occurrence of RLS at the behavioral medicine clinic for pain outpatients in the department of psychiatry within the Medical University of Vienna. The pain parameters of SPD were assessed using a pain questionnaire and visual analogue scales (VAS). The severity of RLS was established using the questionnaire of the International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group (IRLSSG). The prevalence of restless legs syndrome found in somatoform pain disorder was 42%. Interrupted sleep was found in 83.3% in somatoform pain disorder with comorbid RLS and in 64.1% in somatoform pain disorder without RLS. Patients with continuous somatoform pain had a significant higher occurrence of RLS (Sample: 55%; with RLS: 71.4% and without RLS: 43.1%). The pain parameters increased parallel to the severity of RLS. Additionally, RLS was associated with higher psychosocial disability in family life. The prevalence of RLS is high in our sample of patients with somatoform pain disorder. There seems to be a difference in pain profile between patients with and without RLS. RLS may increase the pain level and prolong pain in somatoform pain disorder. RLS should be considered when a somatoform pain disorder is diagnosed.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 049219392

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 16917680

DOI: 10.1007/s00406-006-0684-0


Related references

Prevalence of restless legs syndrome in somatoform pain disorder and its effect on quality of life. Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice 6(2): 160-164, 2015

High prevalence of restless legs syndrome among women with multi-site pain: a population-based study in Dalarna, Sweden. European Journal of Pain 18(10): 1402-1409, 2014

The prevalence of restless legs syndrome among pregnant women in Japan and the relationship between restless legs syndrome and sleep problems. Sleep 26(6): 673-677, 2003

Prevalence of restless legs syndrome and REM sleep behavior disorder in multiple sclerosis. Multiple Sclerosis 13(6): 805-808, 2007

Relation of the International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group rating scale with the Clinical Global Impression severity scale, the restless legs syndrome 6-item questionnaire, and the restless legs syndrome-quality of life questionnaire. Sleep Medicine 14(12): 1375-1380, 2013

Prevalence of restless legs syndrome and periodic limb movement disorder in the general population. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 53(1): 547-554, 2002

Prevalence of restless legs syndrome in patients with chronic pain in Maputo, Mozambique. Sleep Medicine 14(12): 1417-1418, 2013

Fibromyalgia, restless legs syndrome, periodic limb movement disorder, and psychogenic pain. McCarty, D J [Author], Koopman, W J [Author] Arthritis and allied conditions: A textbook of rheumatology, Vols 1 and 2, Twelfth edition : 2) 1383-1405, 1993

Preliminary study of the prevalence of restless legs syndrome in adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Perceptual and Motor Skills 108(3): 759-763, 2009

High prevalence of restless legs syndrome in multiple sclerosis. Revue Neurologique 165(2): 194-196, 2009

Greater prevalence of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder symptoms in adults with restless legs syndrome than in controls. Sleep 24(Abstract Suppl.): A353-A354, 2001

Confirmation of a high prevalence of Restless Legs Syndrome in a primary care population. Sleep 24(Abstract Suppl.): A417-A418, 2001

High prevalence of restless legs syndrome among patients with polycytemia vera treated with venesectio. Medical Oncology 27(1): 105-107, 2010

Prevalence of restless legs syndrome and sleep problems in Korean children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a single institution study. Korean Journal of Pediatrics 57(7): 317-322, 2014

High prevalence of restless legs syndrome among patients with fibromyalgia: a controlled cross-sectional study. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine 6(5): 423-427, 2010