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Highly enantioselective michael addition of silyl nitronates to alpha,beta-unsaturated aldehydes catalyzed by designer chiral ammonium bifluorides: efficient access to optically active gamma-nitro aldehydes and their enol silyl ethers

Ooi, T.; Doda, K.; Maruoka, K.

Journal of the American Chemical Society 125(30): 9022-9023

2003


ISSN/ISBN: 0002-7863
PMID: 15369352
DOI: 10.1021/ja0352810
Accession: 049223611

Highly enantioselective Michael addition of silyl nitronates to alpha,beta-unsaturated aldehydes has been accomplished by the utilization of designer N-spiro C2-symmetric chiral quaternary ammonium bifluoride 1 as an efficient catalyst, providing direct access to both optically active gamma-nitro aldehydes, a very useful precursor to various complex organic molecules including aminocarbonyls, and their enol silyl ethers, a Mukaiyama donor of potential synthetic utility for further selective transformations. For instance, the reaction of trimethylsilyl nitronate 2 (R1 = Me) with trans-cinnamaldehyde (R2 = Ph, R3 = H) in toluene in the presence of (R,R)-1 (2 mol %) proceeded smoothly at -78 degrees C to give the desired enol silyl ether 3 (R1 = Me, R2 = Ph, R3 = H) in 90% isolated yield (anti/syn = 83:17) with 97% ee (anti isomer), and simple treatment of 3 thus obtained with 1 N HCl in THF at 0 degrees C afforded the corresponding gamma-nitro aldehyde 4 quantitatively without loss of diastereo- and enantioselectivity.

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