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Home-and community-based alternatives to nursing homes: services and costs to maintain nursing home eligible individuals at home

Home-and community-based alternatives to nursing homes: services and costs to maintain nursing home eligible individuals at home

Journal of Aging and Health 15(2): 353-370

This study analyzes home- and community-based services (HCBS) use patterns and determines the costs of purchasing in-home services comparable to those offered by SCAN(R), a Social HMO. METHODS. Administrative data on 8,229 nursing home certifiable members were used to profile use patterns; a telephone survey gathered data on the market value of these services. RESULTS. Frail Social HMO members used a variety of HCBS to remain independent at home. These individuals would spend an average of $4,900 out of pocket per year to purchase equivalent HCBS, if they were not enrolled in the Social HMO. DISCUSSION. Findings suggest that the costs of maintaining a Social HMO member at home are modest and affordable, yet offer a substantial benefit, particularly to low- and moderate-income older people. With the aging of the population, an integrated medical and social program, such as the Social HMO, offers a viable policy solution.

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Accession: 049236279

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PMID: 12795278

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