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How strong is the interaction between a noble gas atom and a noble metal atom in the insertion compounds MNgF (M=Cu and Ag, and Ng=Ar, Kr, and Xe)?

How strong is the interaction between a noble gas atom and a noble metal atom in the insertion compounds MNgF (M=Cu and Ag, and Ng=Ar, Kr, and Xe)?

Journal of Chemical Physics 124(12): 124304

Ab initio molecular orbital calculations have been carried out to investigate the structure and the stability of noble gas insertion compounds of the type MNgF (M=Cu and Ag, and Ng=Ar, Kr, and Xe) through second order Moller-Plesset perturbation method. All the species are found to have a linear structure with a noble gas-noble metal bond, the distance of which is closer to the respective covalent bond length in comparison with the relevant van der Waals limit. The dissociation energies corresponding to the lowest energy fragmentation products, MF+Ng, have been found to be in the range of -231 to -398 kJ/mol. The respective barrier heights pertinent to the bent transition states (M-Ng-F bending mode) are quite high for the CuXeF and AgXeF species, although for the Ar and Kr containing species the same are rather low. Nevertheless the M-Ng bond length in MNgF compounds reported here is the smallest M-Ng bond ever predicted through any experimental or theoretical investigation, indicating strongest M-Ng interaction. All these species (except AgArF) are found to be metastable in their respective potential energy surface, and the dissociation energies corresponding to the M+Ng+F fragments have been calculated to be 30.1-155.3 kJ/mol. Indeed, in the present work we have demonstrated that the noble metal-noble gas interaction strength in MNgF species (with M=Cu and Ag, and Ng=Kr and Xe) is much stronger than that in NgMF systems. Bader's [Atoms in molecules-A Quantum Theory (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1990)] topological theory of atoms in molecules (AIM) has been employed to explore the nature of interactions involved in these systems. Geometric as well as energetic considerations along with AIM results suggest a partial covalent nature of M-Ng bonds in these systems. The present results strengthen our earlier work and further support the proposition on the possibility of experimental identification of this new class of insertion compounds of noble gas atoms containing noble gas-noble metal bond.

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Accession: 049247720

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PMID: 16599671

DOI: 10.1063/1.2173991

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