Impairment of endothelium-dependent aorta relaxation by phospholipid components of oxidized low-density lipoprotein

Vasques, E.; Almeida, A.L.F.; Noya, V.; D'Alegria, Bárbara.; Marathe, G.; McIntyre, T.M.; Tibiriçá, E.; Bozza, Pícia.T.; Silva, A.R.; Castro-Faria-Neto, H.C.

Endothelium Journal of Endothelial Cell Research 13(1): 1-8


ISSN/ISBN: 1062-3329
PMID: 16885061
DOI: 10.1080/10623320600659948
Accession: 049299111

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Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is a major component in the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis and plays a role in the changes of vascular reactivity observed in this disease. Herein the authors investigate the potential involvement of platelet-activating factor (PAF)-like phospholipid components of oxidized LDL in rabbit aorta reactivity. Aortic rings were precontracted with noradrenaline (0.5 microM) and relaxation was induced by subsequent stimulation with sequential additions of acetylcholine (1 nM to 3 microM). High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) fractions (6- and 7-min) obtained from phospholipids extracted from oxidized LDL inhibited relaxation evoked by acetylcholine, but not the relaxation induced by sodium nitroprusside. This effect was not antagonized either by incubation of the fractions with PAF acetylhydrolase or by incubation of the aortic rings with a PAF receptor antagonist. Authentic PAF or C4-PAF, a PAF mimetic previously found in fractions 6 and 7 did not inhibit acetylcholine-induced relaxation. In contrast, lyso-PAF inhibited acetylcholine, but not sodium nitroprusside-induced relaxation. The authors conclude that phospholipids of oxidized LDL impair vascular reactivity to endothelium-dependent agonists. This effect is not due to oxidatively generated proinflammatory PAF mimetics, but rather to a metabolite of these phospholipids, lysoPAF.