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Infective endocarditis: mid-term prognosis in patients with good in-hospital outcome

Infective endocarditis: mid-term prognosis in patients with good in-hospital outcome

Journal of Heart Valve Disease 14(3): 303-309

The study aim was to analyze the mid-term prognosis of infective endocarditis (IE) in patients managed with medical therapy during the in-hospital phase and who had a good initial outcome. Comparison was made with the prognosis of patients treated surgically during this period. A total of 151 patients diagnosed with IE was studied, and in-hospital outcome, clinical characteristics and mid-term follow up data were analyzed. The main end-point was a composite of death and need for surgical repair. Among 151 patients, 84 (56%) underwent surgery or died during the in-hospital phase, while 67 patients (44%) received medical treatment and were discharged clinically stable with a final diagnosis of healed infective endocarditis. A better baseline profile was seen in the medically treated group, but outcome in this group showed extensive mid-term morbidity/mortality. In total, 52.2% of patients underwent surgery to correct complications and 60% died as a consequence of the disease. The event-free survival rate was 20% at five years. Despite a favorable in-hospital clinical course and successful medical treatment, patients with IE are at risk of late complications that result in a need for surgical repair, or in death. A close follow up should be made in order to treat late complications.

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Accession: 049341645

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PMID: 15974522

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