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Intestinal parasites and the environment: frequency of intestinal parasites in children of Neuquén, Patagonia, Argentina



Intestinal parasites and the environment: frequency of intestinal parasites in children of Neuquén, Patagonia, Argentina



Revista Latinoamericana de Microbiologia 43(2): 96-101



The frequency of intestinal parasites (IP) in 69 children between 2 and 14 years of age was studied within the city of Neuquén, Patagonia, Argentina in relation to socioeconomic, cultural and environmental conditions. Soil type was determined and contamination with IP was investigated in 75 soil samples. Frequency of IP in children was 50.7%. Blastocystis hominis was the most frequent species (24.6%). Simultaneous infection with 2 to 4 species was found in 47,5% of the infected children. Statistical association was found between parasitic infection and family hygienic level (p < 0.001). Socioeconomic level was defined as lower middle class, however, infrastructure and public services were adequate. The climate is continental semiarid and the soil is sandy with a low organic matter level. Intestinal protozoan organisms were found in 33.3% of soil samples and Sarcocystis sp. was the most frequent species (14.6%). The parasites present in soil are related to the environmental conditions that allow their viability and development. Socioeconomic and cultural factors are important for the appearance and spread of IP in communities where sanitary conditions and infrastructure are adequate.

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Accession: 049386535

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PMID: 17061494


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