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Involvement of the adenylyl cyclase/protein kinase A signaling pathway in the stimulatory effect of PACAP on frog adrenocortical cells



Involvement of the adenylyl cyclase/protein kinase A signaling pathway in the stimulatory effect of PACAP on frog adrenocortical cells



Annals of the new York Academy of Sciences 1070: 431-435



We have previously shown that PACAP stimulates in vitro the secretion of corticosteroids by frog adrenal explants and that PACAP increases cAMP formation and cytosolic calcium concentration ('Ca2+'i) in adrenocortical cells. The aim of the present study was to investigate the involvement of cAMP and 'Ca2+'i in the stimulatory effect of PACAP on steroid production. Incubation of adrenal explants with PACAP resulted in a significant increase in total inositol phosphate formation. Administration of the protein kinase A inhibitor, H89, markedly reduced the stimulatory effect of PACAP on corticosterone and aldosterone secretion by perifused adrenal slices. In contrast, chelation of intracellular or extracellular calcium, or incubation with calcium channel blockers, had no effect on PACAP-evoked steroid secretion. Incubation of the cells with BAPTA or thapsigargin totally suppressed the stimulatory effect of PACAP on 'Ca2+'i. In contrast, suppression of extracellular calcium with EGTA or blockage of voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels did not impair PACAP-induced Ca2+ response. These data indicate that, in frog adrenocortical cells, the stimulatory effect of PACAP on steroid secretion is mediated through activation of the cAMP/PKA pathway. Concurrently, PACAP causes calcium mobilization from IP(3)-dependent intracellular stores through activation of a phospholipase C, while the calcium response is not involved in the stimulatory effect of PACAP on corticosteroid secretion.

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Accession: 049407700

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 16888205

DOI: 10.1196/annals.1317.057


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