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Laparoscopic choledochoduodenostomy: an effective drainage procedure for recurrent pyogenic cholangitis

Laparoscopic choledochoduodenostomy: an effective drainage procedure for recurrent pyogenic cholangitis

Surgical Endoscopy 17(10): 1590-1594

This article reports the technical aspects of laparoscopic choledochoduodenostomy (LCD) in patients with recurrent pyogenic cholangitis (RPC) and the perioperative results are also evaluated. This is a retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database. Twelve patients diagnosed to have RPC with the absence of intrahepatic stricture were selected for LCD during the period from 1995 to 2002. The majority of our patients had repeated attacks of cholangitis and had already undergone multiple sessions of endoscopic and operative lithotripsy. The LCD was performed using a five-port approach with the patient lying in the supine position. The stones were first cleared through the longitudinal supraduodenal choledochotomy followed by construction of a side-to-side diamond-shaped anastomosis of at least 15 mm between the bile duct and the first part of the duodenum using 2/0 monocryl in the single-layer method. During the period from 1995 to 2002, 12 patients with RPC underwent LCD. There were 3 male and 9 female patients with a mean age of 62 (40-77). The median operation time was 137.5 min (90-270) and the median postoperative stay was 7.5 days (5-20). All cases were successful using the laparoscopic approach. Average analgesic requirement post operation was 126 mg (50-200 mg) intramuscular pethidine. There was one postoperative bile leak, and this complication was settled by conservative measures. Upon a mean follow-up of 37.6 months (6-91), there was no recurrent attack of cholangitis or any evidence of sump syndrome in this group of patients. LCD is a safe and effective drainage procedure for patients with RPC. Complications are uncommon and postoperative results are promising.

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Accession: 049448392

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PMID: 12874693

DOI: 10.1007/s00464-002-8737-6

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