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Laparoscopy-assisted vaginal pelvic exenteration

Laparoscopy-assisted vaginal pelvic exenteration

Gynecologie, Obstetrique and Fertilite 34(12): 1131-1136

The aim of the study was to evaluate the feasibility, morbidity and survival outcome of laparoscopy-assisted vaginal pelvic exenteration. Since 2000, 7 en-bloc pelvic exenteration combining a vaginal or perineal approach and laparoscopic approach have been performed in our cancer center associated with complex laparoscopic reconstruction. All patients but one received previous irradiation. Two patients underwent a total pelvic exenteration; three patients an anterior and middle exenteration; two patients a middle and posterior exenteration. Urinary system was reconstructed with an ileal loop in one case, with a hand-assisted laparoscopic Miami pouch in four cases. Reconstruction of the vagina was performed with an omental cylinder in three cases, with a gluteal thigh flap in one case. A colorectal anastomosis was performed in three patients, one patient had an end colostomy. A mini-laparotomy conversion was necessary in one case because of a pelvic side involvement to perform an intraoperative irradiation. Mean time of the procedure was 6.5 hours with peroperative bleeding less than 500 cm3. Four patients presented minor complications. No revision of the Miami pouch was necessary. Mean length of hospital stay was 27 days. The four patients with a Miami pouch were able to self catheterize at the time of discharge. Mean follow-up was 14 months. Four patients died of the disease (three were metastatic). One patient presented a local recurrence. Two patients are free of disease. Laparoscopic or laparoscopy-assisted vaginal pelvic exenteration followed by reconstruction is feasible with curative intent in selected patients.

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Accession: 049450422

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PMID: 17134933

DOI: 10.1016/j.gyobfe.2006.09.025

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