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Limited tuberculin screening participation amongst travellers to countries with high tuberculosis incidence; reason to consider BCG vaccination for some travellers



Limited tuberculin screening participation amongst travellers to countries with high tuberculosis incidence; reason to consider BCG vaccination for some travellers



Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde 147(12): 561-565



To determine the compliance amongst Dutch travellers to high tuberculosis-incidence countries with a screening procedure involving a tuberculin skin test before and after the trip. Prospective study. Nine hundred and eighty-eight tuberculin-negative Dutch people who travelled to high tuberculosis-incidence countries for 3 to 12 months were studied for their compliance with an advised screening procedure of repeat tuberculin skin testing 2 to 4 months after return. At 2 of the 4 participating health services, data were also collected on extra calls made and the pertinent time investments. Five hundred and ninety-nine travellers (61%) were compliant with the screening procedure. Of those for whom the data was available (n = 417), 33% (98/300) of the compliant travellers required extra calls. These took an average of 30 min per extra traveller tested as a result. Compliance varied according to health service and was better amongst travellers to Africa. In addition, non-compliance was independently associated with male sex, work being the main travel purpose, and an undecided duration of travel on departure. Compliance of Dutch travellers with tuberculin skin-test screening is limited, particularly if no extra calls are issued. Bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccination appears to be preferable for travellers with undecided travel duration and persons travelling for work on a frequent basis.

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Accession: 049474949

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PMID: 12693087


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