+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

Measuring household food security in poor Venezuelan households

Measuring household food security in poor Venezuelan households

Public Health Nutrition 5(6a): 851-857

To validate abbreviated methods that estimate food security level among poor communities in Caracas, Venezuela. Two independent cross-sectional studies were undertaken to internally and externally validate simple quantitative/qualitative methods. The quantitative measure was constructed from data on household food availability, gathered using the list-recall method. It is a count of the foods that explain 85% or more of household energy availability. The qualitative measure is a score of female-perceived food insecurity level estimated with a modified 'hunger index', reflecting food resource constraints and hunger experiences within the home. Socio-economic and food behaviour data that may predict household food security (HFS) levels were gathered. The second study was repeated a year later to measure the impact of an increase in the minimum wage on HFS levels. Two poor urban communities in Caracas, Venezuela. All households in both communities that complied with selection criteria(poor and very poor families that share food resources) and were willing to participate. The sample comprised 238 and 155 female household food managers in the two communities. In 1995, data from females in 238 urban poor households provided evidence for the overall validity of the method. Its application in 1997 to 155 households in the other community gave support to the external validity of the method. Measures were repeated in 1998 on 133 subjects of the above sample, when the minimum wage was increased by 23%. Evidence is presented showing the sensitivity of the method to changes in the determinants of HFS. Data analysed during these three periods suggest that the method can be simplified further by using the food diversity score instead of the quantitative measure since these variables correlate highly with one another(r > or = 2 0.854). This simple method is a valid and precise measure of food security among poor urban households in Caracas. Th equalitative/quantitative measures complement each other as they capture different dimensions of HFS.

(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 049544322

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 12638593

Related references

Measuring household food security in poor Venezuelan households. Public Health Nutrition 5(6A): 851-857, 2002

Abbreviated measures of food sufficiency validly estimate the food security level of poor households: measuring household food security. Journal of Nutrition 129(3): 687-692, 1999

Household food security predictors in underprivileged Venezuelan households Comparison between the Central and Andean regions. Interciencia 28(1): 15-20, 58, January, 2003

Food Security in Practice: measuring food security using household expenditure surveys. 2007

Predictors of household food security in underprivileged households in Venezuela: comparison between the Central and Andean regions. Interciencia 28(1): 15-20, 2003

Measuring childrens food security in U.S. households, 1995-99. 2002

Household food security status measured by the US-Household Food Security/Hunger Survey Module (US-FSSM) is in line with coping strategy indicators found in urban and rural Indonesia. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition 16(2): 368-374, 2007

Household food security, tree planting and the poor. 1987

Effects of season on household food security and the nutritional status of smallholder rural households in Nakuru District, Kenya. Report Food and Nutrition Studies Programme, African Studies Centre, Leiden ( 55): x + 70 pp., 1995

Measuring household food security using food intake indicators in rural Kwazulu Natal, South Africa. Ecology of Food and Nutrition 53(2): 193-213, 2014

Measuring household food security the global experience. Revista De Nutricao: Suplemento, 27s-37s, 2008

Promoting food security and well-being among poor and HIV/AIDS affected households: lessons from an interactive and integrated approach. Evaluation and Program Planning 32(1): 31-42, 2008

Measuring household food security: a participatory process approach. Forum for Development Studies ( 1): 29-59, 1995

The School Breakfast Program strengthens household food security among low-income households with elementary school children. Journal of Nutrition 141(3): 470-475, 2011

The process of adapting and validating a perceived household food security scale in a poor community. Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutricion 50(4): 334-340, 2000