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NADH oxidase activity of rat liver xanthine dehydrogenase and xanthine oxidase-contribution for damage mechanisms



NADH oxidase activity of rat liver xanthine dehydrogenase and xanthine oxidase-contribution for damage mechanisms



Free Radical Research 39(9): 979-986



The involvement of xanthine oxidase (XO) in some reactive oxygen species (ROS) -mediated diseases has been proposed as a result of the generation of O*- and H2O2 during hypoxanthine and xanthine oxidation. In this study, it was shown that purified rat liver XO and xanthine dehydrogenase (XD) catalyse the NADH oxidation, generating O*- and inducing the peroxidation of liposomes, in a NADH and enzyme concentration-dependent manner. Comparatively to equimolar concentrations of xanthine, a higher peroxidation extent is observed in the presence of NADH. In addition, the peroxidation extent induced by XD is higher than that observed with XO. The in vivo-predominant dehydrogenase is, therefore, intrinsically efficient at generating ROS, without requiring the conversion to XO. Our results suggest that, in those pathological conditions where an increase on NADH concentration occurs, the NADH oxidation catalysed by XD may constitute an important pathway for ROS-mediated tissue injuries.

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Accession: 049651410

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PMID: 16087479

DOI: 10.1080/10715760500210962


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