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Nafion-coated bismuth film and nafion-coated mercury film electrodes for anodic stripping voltammetry combined on-line with ICP-mass spectrometry



Nafion-coated bismuth film and nafion-coated mercury film electrodes for anodic stripping voltammetry combined on-line with ICP-mass spectrometry



Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry 17(7): 945-952



Nafion-coated bismuth film electrodes (NCBFEs) and Nafion-coated mercury film electrodes (NCMFEs) were used to electrochemically preconcentrate metal analytes for subsequent analysis by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Either type of electrodes is part of a thin-layer electrochemical flow cell that is positioned upstream of a microconcentric nebulizer for the ICP-MS. Performances of these electrodes were compared in terms of the analytical "figures of merit" (e.g., dynamic ranges, reproducibility, hydrodynamic stability, and elimination of matrix effects detrimental to ICP-MS). The coupled technique (ASV-ICP-MS) is found to possess a wide dynamic range (at least 4 to 5 orders of magnitude) and to be reproducible. Both electrodes are much more stable than the thin mercury film electrode (TMFE) traditionally used for ASV-ICP-MS, with the lifetime of the NCBFE exceeding 8 h. Adopting these electrodes for ASV-ICP-MS overcomes the problems associated with a TMFE, the erosion of which decreases the sample throughput, affects the analysis precision, and contaminates conventional glass nebulizers and spray chambers of the spectrometer. The medium exchange procedure inherent in ASV is successfully implemented with a two-valve flow injection system for the accumulation of trace Cd2+ into the electrode from a certified seawater sample, followed by stripping Cd into a solution that is compatible to the ICP-MS operation.

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Accession: 049654943

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 16698277

DOI: 10.1016/j.jasms.2006.03.001


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