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P-selectin expression, neutrophil infiltration, and histologic injury in neonates with necrotizing enterocolitis



P-selectin expression, neutrophil infiltration, and histologic injury in neonates with necrotizing enterocolitis



Journal of Pediatric Surgery 40(6): 942-7; Discussion 947-8



P-selectin promotes adherence of leukocytes to the endothelium in inflammatory processes. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of P-selectin and its role in the development of inflammation in neonates with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). Twenty-nine intestinal specimens from 13 neonates with NEC and 7 control neonates with congenital gastrointestinal abnormalities were studied. Histologic damage, immunohistochemical expression of P-selectin, and polymorphonuclear cell infiltrate were graded blindly. Mann-Whitney U and Spearman rank tests were used to compare grades. Expression of P-selectin was increased in NEC compared with controls in both medium-sized vessels (P = .03) and in the microcirculation (P = .03). P-selectin expression on medium-sized vessels correlated with the degree of histologic injury (P = .02, r = 0.425). P-selectin expression was greatest in areas of active inflammation but markedly lower in necrotic areas. The degree of polymorphonuclear cell infiltration strongly correlated with P-selectin expression on both medium-sized vessels (P = .004, r = 0.513) and the microcirculation (P = .001, r = 0.578). Expression of P-selectin is increased in medium-sized vessels and in the microcirculation in intestinal specimens of neonates with NEC compared with neonatal controls. Expression of P-selectin is associated with the recruitment of polymorphonuclear cells and the severity of histologic injury, although P-selectin expression is lost in necrotic tissue.

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Accession: 049839898

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 15991175

DOI: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2005.03.027


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