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Preoperative evaluation of thyroid pathology in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism



Preoperative evaluation of thyroid pathology in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism



Thyroid 17(1): 59-62



In parathyroidectomy, it has been recognized that a shift to a minimally invasive procedure may be accompanied by a possibility of missing thyroid pathology. However, only a few findings concerning preoperative thyroid evaluation have been reported. We investigated the prevalence of concomitant thyroid pathology by preoperative neck ultrasonography (US) in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism. There were 85 patients (66 women, 19 men; mean age 57 years) in the study group. The mean preoperative calcium level was 11.2mg/dL, and the mean intact parathyroid hormone level was 206 pg/mL. All patients underwent neck US following fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB). Of the 85 patients, 21 (24.7%) had thyroid nodules. Among 21 patients with thyroid nodules, 9 (10.6%) had malignant thyroid tumors, while 12 (14.1%) patients had benign thyroid nodules including multinodular goiter. Of the 9 patients with malignant thyroid nodules, 4 had papillary carcinomas with lymph node metastases. The prevalence of thyroid disease associated with hyperparathyroidism is high, and evaluation of the thyroid pathology by US enables the shift from bilateral neck exploration to the minimally invasive parathyroid surgery.

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Accession: 049987230

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PMID: 17274751

DOI: 10.1089/thy.2006.0182


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