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Preparation and characterization of methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)/poly(epsilon-caprolactone) amphiphilic block copolymeric nanospheres for tumor-specific folate-mediated targeting of anticancer drugs



Preparation and characterization of methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)/poly(epsilon-caprolactone) amphiphilic block copolymeric nanospheres for tumor-specific folate-mediated targeting of anticancer drugs



Biomaterials 26(9): 1053-1061



Biodegradable methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)/poly(-caprolactone) (MPEG/PCL) amphiphilic block copolymer nanospheres coupled to folic acid have been designed to target a folate-binding protein that is overexpressed on the surface of many tumoral cells. For this purpose, hydroxy groups terminated on the MPEG/PCL copolymer were converted into primary amino groups, which were used to conjugate with the carboxylic group of folic acid. Nanospheres were prepared by the formation of micelles of the copolymer with or without the anticancer agent paclitaxel. Folate-mediated MPEG/PCL nanospheres were compared with hydroxyl- and amino-terminated nanospheres in terms of their size, surface characteristics, and drug-loading efficiency. Regardless of the type of terminal group, the MPEG/PCL nanospheres showed a narrow size distribution with an average diameter <80 nm without paclitaxel, and an average diameter of 115 nm when loaded with the drug. The results from zeta potential and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy measurements revealed that the folate molecules were partially exposed, and were expressed on the surface of the nanospheres allowing folate receptor recognition. In in vitro, cytotoxicity tests, the nanospheres loaded with paclitaxel showed a higher cell viability than in cases where paclitaxel was absent. Thus, folate-mediated nanospheres composed of MPEG and PCL are potentially new drug carriers for tumor cell-selective targeting treatments.

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Accession: 049988392

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 15369694

DOI: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2004.04.008


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