+ Most Popular
Cunninghamia lanceolata plantations in China
Mammalian lairs in paleo ecological studies and palynology
Studies on technological possibilities in utilization of anhydrous milk fat for production of recombined butter-like products
Should right-sided fibroelastomas be operated upon?
Large esophageal lipoma
Apoptosis in the mammalian thymus during normal histogenesis and under various in vitro and in vivo experimental conditions
Poissons characoides nouveaux ou non signales de l'Ilha do Bananal, Bresil
Desensitizing efficacy of Colgate Sensitive Maximum Strength and Fresh Mint Sensodyne dentifrices
Administration of fluid by subcutaneous infusion: revival of a forgotten method
Tundra mosquito control - an impossible dream?
Schizophrenia for primary care providers: how to contribute to the care of a vulnerable patient population
Geochemical pattern analysis; method of describing the Southeastern limestone regional aquifer system
Incidence of low birth weights in a hospital of Mexico City
Graded management intensity of grassland systems for enhancing floristic diversity
Microbiology and biochemistry of cheese and fermented milk
The ember tetra: a new pygmy characid tetra from the Rio das Mortes, Brazil, Hyphessobrycon amandae sp. n. (Pisces, Characoidei)
Risk factors of contrast-induced nephropathy in patients after coronary artery intervention
Renovation of onsite domestic wastewater in a poorly drained soil
Observations of the propagation velocity and formation mechanism of burst fractures caused by gunshot
Systolic blood pressure in a population of infants in the first year of life: the Brompton study
Haematological studies in rats fed with metanil yellow
Studies on pasteurellosis. I. A new species of Pasteurella encountered in chronic fowl cholera
Dormancy breaking and germination of Acacia salicina Lindl. seeds
therapy of lupus nephritis. a two-year prospective study

Preparing for an era of weapons of mass destruction (WMD)--are we there yet? Why we should all be concerned. Part Ii

Preparing for an era of weapons of mass destruction (WMD)--are we there yet? Why we should all be concerned. Part Ii

Veterinary and Human Toxicology 46(6): 347-351

ISSN/ISBN: 0145-6296

PMID: 15587263

September 11, 2001 demonstrated dramatic voids in national preparedness, and catalyzed massive efforts to identify and remedy vulnerabilities. Since Part I of this series appeared in August 2002, significant improvements have been achieved especially in bioterrorism and chemical terrorism for first responders and emergency medicine, law enforcement, and public health (surveillance). Such efforts manifested benefits during the SARS outbreaks and monkeypox cases of 2003. Nevertheless, emerging infectious diseases will continue to pose a threat if we do not remain vigilant and continue to invest in training, surveillance, and treatments. As expected, many poison centers and toxicologists have taken leadership roles nationwide. In regions where such leadership existed, preparedness levels are strong and collaborations resulted in the development of valuable response plans and training, including the Advanced Hazardous Life Support (AHLS) and Basic Disaster Life Support (BDLS) courses. Early success notwithstanding, experts suggest that current national preparedness has improved slightly from "1" (9/11) to "3" out of "10". Increasingly it has become evident that the nuclear threat, including radiation terrorism, is significant, against which the US remains inadequately prepared. Arguably the nuclear threat-whether accidental or planned-remains our highest consequence vulnerability, and we must rapidly improve our readiness across disciplines. Special populations including the elderly and children remain marginalized in preparedness protocols. Local vulnerabilities including chemical manufacturing and transportation--not just a risk for terrorism but industrial accidents--continue unabated. Our early success is not an endpoint; much work remains and time is fleeting. This report examines vulnerabilities that must be addressed to enhance preparedness.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 049991187

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

Related references

Preparing for an era of weapons of mass destruction (WMD). Are we there yet? Why we should all be concerned. Part 1. Veterinary and Human Toxicology 44(4): 193-199, 2002

In-situ lobular neoplasia: time for an awakening. Lancet 361(9352): 96, 2003

(P1-24) Future Weapons of Mass Destruction: Preparing For Emerging Threats. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine 26(S1): s114-s115, 2011

Preparing at the local level for events involving weapons of mass destruction. Emerging Infectious Diseases 8(9): 1006-1007, 2002

Towards a New Paradigm: Comprehensive Security, Weapons of Mass Destruction, and Biological Weapons. Politics and the Life Sciences 18(1): 109-111, 1999

Maternal pulmonary adenocarcinoma metastatic to the fetus: first recorded case report and literature review. Pediatric Pathology and Molecular Medicine 21(1): 57-69, 2002

Mass casualty management and emergency response for large-scale weapons of mass destruction events. International Journal of Toxicology 19(6): 19, 2000

Weapons of mass destruction, WMD. European Journal of Radiology 63(2): 205-213, 2007

Weapons of mass destruction. Epidemiologia e Prevenzione 38(1): 65-66, 2014

Weapons of mass destruction. JAMA Internal Medicine 173(3): 182-183, 2013

Weapons of mass destruction. Interdisciplinary Science Reviews 28(4): 234-236, 2003

Use of weapons of mass destruction. Lancet 361(9359): 786, 2003

Which Minorities Might Use Weapons of Mass Destruction?. International Studies Review 7(1): 143-146, 2005

Weapons of mass destruction: radiation. Neurosurgical Focus 12(3): 1-3, 2002

Weapons of mass destruction on our table. MMW Fortschritte der Medizin 147(42): 10, 2005