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Protein kinase Cepsilon activates protein kinase B/Akt via DNA-PK to protect against tumor necrosis factor-alpha-induced cell death

Protein kinase Cepsilon activates protein kinase B/Akt via DNA-PK to protect against tumor necrosis factor-alpha-induced cell death

Journal of Biological Chemistry 281(32): 22799-22807

We have previously shown that protein kinase Cepsilon (PKCepsilon) protects breast cancer cells from tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF)-induced cell death. In the present study, we have investigated if the antiapoptotic function of PKCepsilon is mediated via Akt and the mechanism by which PKCepsilon regulates Akt activity. TNF caused a transient increase in Akt phosphorylation at Ser473 in MCF-7 cells. Overexpression of PKCepsilon in MCF-7 cells increased TNF-induced Akt phosphorylation at Ser473 resulting in its activation. Knockdown of PKCepsilon by small interfering RNA (siRNA) decreased TNF-induced Akt phosphorylation/activation and increased cell death. Introduction of constitutively active Akt protected breast cancer MCF-7 cells from TNF-mediated cell death and partially restored cell survival in PKCepsilon-depleted cells. Depletion of Akt in MCF-7 cells abolished the antiapoptotic effect of PKCepsilon on TNF-mediated cell death. Akt was constitutively associated with PKCepsilon and DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK), and this association was increased by TNF treatment. Overexpression of PKCepsilon enhanced the interaction between Akt and DNA-PK. Knockdown of DNA-PK by siRNA inhibited TNF-induced Akt phosphorylation and the antiapoptotic effect of Akt and PKCepsilon. These results suggest that PKCepsilon activates Akt via DNA-PK to mediate its antiapoptotic function. Furthermore, we report for the first time that DNA-PK can regulate receptor-initiated apoptosis via Akt.

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Accession: 050054774

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PMID: 16785234

DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M603390200

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