Rengyolone inhibits inducible nitric oxide synthase expression and nitric oxide production by down-regulation of NF-kappaB and p38 MAP kinase activity in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells

Kim, J.H.; Kim, D.H.; Baek, S.H.; Lee, H.J.; Kim, M.R.; Kwon, H.J.; Lee, C.-H.

Biochemical Pharmacology 71(8): 1198-1205

2006


ISSN/ISBN: 0006-2952
PMID: 16457781
DOI: 10.1016/j.bcp.2005.12.031
Accession: 050173384

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Abstract
Nitric oxide (NO) is recognized as a mediator and regulator of inflammatory responses. Rengyolone, a cyclohexylethanoid isolated from the fruits of Forsythia koreana, exhibits anti-inflammatory activity with unknown mechanism. In this study, we found that rengyolone has a strong inhibitory effect on the production of nitric oxide (NO) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). Rengyolone also inhibited inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) gene expression and cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). In order to explore the mechanism responsible for the inhibition of iNOS gene expression by rengyolone, we investigated its effect on LPS-induced nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation. The LPS-induced DNA binding activity of NF-kappaB was significantly inhibited by rengyolone, and this effect was mediated through inhibition of the degradation of inhibitory factor-kappaBalpha and phosphorylation of p38 MAP kinase. Furthermore, rengyolone suppressed the expression of ICE protein in IL-1beta-treated D10S cells. Taken together, these results suggest that rengyolone attenuates the inflammation through inhibition of NO production and iNOS expression by blockade of NF-kappaB and p38 MAPK activation in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells.