Role of insulin-like growth factor binding proteins in 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (3) -induced growth inhibition of human prostate cancer cells

Stewart, L.V.; Weigel, N.L.

Prostate 64(1): 9-19

2005


ISSN/ISBN: 0270-4137
PMID: 15651061
DOI: 10.1002/pros.20212
Accession: 050234221

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Abstract
The mechanisms underlying 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25D)-induced growth inhibition of human prostate cancer cells have not been fully elucidated. To determine whether alterations in the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) signaling axis are associated with 1,25D-induced growth inhibition, we examined the ability of 1,25D to regulate expression of IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs) in human prostate cancer cell lines. Northern and Western blot analyses were used to detect 1,25D-induced alterations in IGFBP expression. Additional in vitro studies were performed to determine the role of IGFBP-3 in 1,25D-induced growth inhibition. 1,25D decreased mRNA levels of the growth stimulatory IGFBP-2 and induced IGFBP-3 mRNA in LNCaP and C4-2 cells. 1,25D treatment also increased secreted IGFBP-3 protein levels in prostate cancer cell lines sensitive to 1,25D growth inhibition but had little effect on IGFBP-3 expression in 1,25D-resistant DU145 cells. However, recombinant IGFBP-3 had only a minor effect on LNCaP cell growth in the presence of serum. Furthermore, siRNA duplexes that reduced IGFBP-3 expression did not alter 1,25D growth inhibition in either LNCaP or PC-3 cell lines grown in serum-containing media. Our studies indicate 1,25D-induced up-regulation of IGFBP-3 is not required for the growth inhibitory effects of 1,25D in prostate cancer cells grown in serum-containing media.

Role of insulin-like growth factor binding proteins in 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3)-induced growth inhibition of human prostate cancer cells