Section 51
Chapter 50,236

Role of platelet-derived growth factor-B, vascular endothelial growth factor, insulin-like growth factor-II, mitogen-activated protein kinase and transforming growth factor-beta1 in expansion-induced lung growth in fetal sheep

Wallace, M.J.; Thiel, A.M.; Lines, A.M.; Polglase, G.R.; Sozo, F.; Hooper, S.B.

Reproduction Fertility and Development 18(6): 655-665


ISSN/ISBN: 1031-3613
PMID: 16930512
DOI: 10.1071/rd05163
Accession: 050235765

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Increased fetal lung expansion induces lung growth, cell differentiation and extracellular matrix remodelling, although the mechanisms involved are unknown. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-B, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-II are mitogens activating the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway, whereas transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 induces differentiation and extracellular matrix remodelling. In the present study, we investigated the mRNA levels of PDGF-B, VEGF, IGF-II and TGF-beta1, as well as active MAPK levels, during increased fetal lung expansion induced by tracheal obstruction (TO) in sheep for 0 (controls), 36 h or 2, 4, or 10 days (n = 5 in each group). The 3.7-kb VEGF transcript increased by 30% (P < 0.05) at 36 h TO. The expression of PDGF-B decreased by approximately 25% (P < 0.01) at 2-10 days TO. In contrast, TGF-beta1 mRNA increased by 96% (P < 0.05) at 10 days TO, when bioactive TGF-beta1 decreased by 55% (P < 0.05). Insulin-like growth factor-II mRNA tended to increase at 10 days TO (37% above controls; P = 0.07), whereas mRNA for its receptor, IGF1R, was reduced by TO. There was no change in active MAPK levels preceding or at the time of a TO-induced 800% increase in cell proliferation. We conclude that VEGF is likely to promote expansion-induced endothelial cell proliferation, but the mechanisms underlying expansion-induced proliferation of fibroblasts and alveolar epithelial cells are unlikely to be mediated by increases in PDGF-B or IGF-II expression or activation of the MAPK pathway.

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