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Severe pulmonary toxicity in patients with advanced-stage Hodgkin's disease treated with a modified bleomycin, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, procarbazine, prednisone, and gemcitabine (BEACOPP) regimen is probably related to the combination of gemcitabine and bleomycin: a report of the German Hodgkin's Lymphoma Study Group



Severe pulmonary toxicity in patients with advanced-stage Hodgkin's disease treated with a modified bleomycin, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, procarbazine, prednisone, and gemcitabine (BEACOPP) regimen is probably related to the combination of gemcitabine and bleomycin: a report of the German Hodgkin's Lymphoma Study Group



Journal of Clinical Oncology 22(12): 2424-2429



To investigate a new effective, nonleukemogenic polychemotherapy regimen, BAGCOPP (bleomycin, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, procarbazine, prednisone, gemcitabine) in a phase I/II dose-escalation study in patients with advanced-stage Hodgkin' s disease (HD). Patients in clinical stages IIB with risk factors III and IV were enrolled in this nonrandomized, multicenter trial aimed at defining the maximum-tolerated dose of gemcitabine within a modified escalated BEACOPP regimen. Gemcitabine was given at a starting dose of 800 mg/m(2) on days 1 and 4 of each cycle. Twenty-seven patients (eight female, 19 male) were enrolled with a median age of 33 years (range, 19 to 65 years). Due to a higher than expected hematotoxicity, the day-4 application of gemcitabine was omitted after 14 patients were included and 59 cycles were given. A total of eight patients developed lung toxicity, mainly pneumonitis (six of eight), which led to the termination of the study. With a median follow-up of 27 months, 25 patients are in continuing complete remission. The substitution of etoposide by gemcitabine in the escalated BEACOPP schema is not feasible and leads to severe pulmonary toxicity. This toxicity is probably related to the concomittant application of gemcitabine and bleomycin.

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Accession: 050294297

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PMID: 15136597

DOI: 10.1200/jco.2004.09.114


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