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Simulation of electric double layers undergoing charge inversion: mixtures of mono- and multivalent ions

Simulation of electric double layers undergoing charge inversion: mixtures of mono- and multivalent ions

Langmuir 21(20): 9231-9237

In this paper, the electric double layer (EDL) of a charged plane in the presence of mixtures of 1:1 and 3:1 electrolytes has been investigated through Monte Carlo (MC) simulations using a nonrestrictive primitive model of EDL. In particular, the charge inversion in colloids (attributable to an accumulation of counterions on the surface) can be better understood by means of the simulations performed here. Moreover, two mechanisms proposed for charge inversion are probed: The formation of a strongly correlated layer (SCL) of multivalent counterions and excluded volume effects (to which we will also refer as ion size correlations). Our results are in agreement with the behavior found experimentally for some model colloids with increasing the concentration of monovalent salt in the presence of trivalent ions, which clearly supports the relevance of ion size correlations. In contrast, certain disagreement with predictions of SCL theories is reported.

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Accession: 050314521

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 16171356

DOI: 10.1021/la0505925

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