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Studies on the dynamics of biological characteristics of CD133+ cells from human umbilical cord blood during short-term culture

Studies on the dynamics of biological characteristics of CD133+ cells from human umbilical cord blood during short-term culture

Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 11(6): 569-575

This study was to investigate dynamics of biological properties of CD133(+) cells from human umbilical cord blood (UCB) during short-term culture containing the combination of hematopoietic growth factors and the feasibility of in vitro expansion of CD133(+) cells. The biology activities including analysis of cell cycle, immunophenotype, telomerase activity, expression of adhesion molecules and expansion potential of CD133(+) cells were monitored during ex-vivo expansion, and compared with those of CD34(+) cells. The results showed that the contents of CD133(+) and CD34(+) cells in fresh UCB were (1.05 +/- 0.73)% and (1.40 +/- 0.56)% respectively. About 79.62% of CD34(+) cells expressed CD133, and more than 97% of CD133(+) cells were CD133(+)CD34(+), markedly higher than that in CD34(+) fraction (P < 0.01). No significant differences were observed in content of cells expressing CD38, CD13, CD14, CD61 and glycophorin-A between the two fractions. Expansion of CD133(+), CD133(+)CD34(+) and CD34(+)CD38(-) cells at 10 days and those of CFU-mix, HPP-CFC and CD34(+)CD38(-) cells at 6 days from CD133(+) cells group were significantly higher than those from the CD34(+) cell group (P < 0.05). Analysis of immunophenotype showed that CD133(+)CD34(+) cells declined gradually while CD133(-)CD34(+) and CD133(-)CD34(-) cells increased during ex-vivo expansion; basal telomerase activities of fresh UCB CD133(+) and CD34(+) cells were low but significantly exceeded that of CD34(-) fraction (P < 0.05). At first week of expansion, telomerase activity was significantly upregulated, after two weeks, telomerase activity remarkably declined, and decreased to baseline or below the limits of detection in day 20. More than 90% of CD133(+) cells expressed CD49d and CD11a, and, more than 85% of the cells expressed CD54, about 50% of cells expressed CD62L. At the early stage of expansion, expression of CD49d was upregulated, expression of CD11a remaining no change, while as expression of CD54 and CD62L was downregulated. Expression of all adhesion molecules was decreased gradually with extend of culture. But expression of these adhesion molecules on CD34(+) subsets were not affected significantly during expansion. It is concluded that CD133(+) population may be a more primitive hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPC) than CD34(+) cells, CD133(+) cells have great expansion potential for ex-vivo expansion and is a suitable target cell for ex-vivo expansion of HSPC. Downregulation of adhesion molecules and telomerase activity may be one of the reasons for delayed engraftment of expanded products.

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Accession: 050417845

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PMID: 14706136

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