Assessment of iodine nutritional status for pregnant women using adjusted urine creatinine from spot and 24-hour urine

Liu, X.; Wu, M.; Zhang, Y.; Lu, J.; Piao, J.; Yang, L.; Yang, X.

Wei Sheng Yan Jiu 47(4): 548-553

2018


ISSN/ISBN: 1000-8020
PMID: 30081979
Accession: 050449544

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Abstract
To establish a reliable method of iodine nutritional assessment for pregnant women using the adjusted urinary creatinine of spot urine and 24-hour urine samples. The spot urine in the morning at 8 00-11:30 and the following 24-hour urine samples of pregnant women were collected in Peking Union Medical College Hospital during March to October in 2016. The urinary iodine and urinary creatinine concentrations were determined. The estimated 24-hour urinary iodine excretion( 24-h UIE) was calculated using the urinary iodine/urinary creatinine( UIC/Cr) ratio of spot urine, and 24-hour urinary creatinine excretion( 24-h UCr E). There was a significant difference in the UIC, UIC/Cr ratio between spot urine and 24-h urine( P <0. 05). The UIC, UIC/Cr ratio of spot urine, and the estimated 24-h UIE all were significantly correlated with the real 24-h UIE( P < 0. 01), especially the estimated 24-h UIE were taking up 70%-80% for the real 24-h UIE in the period of gestation. The UIC, UIC/Cr, and the estimated 24-h UIE cannot directly replace the relevant values derived of the 24-hour urine samples. But the estimated 24-h UIE can reflect the iodine nutritional status of pregnant women in recent days, and the method could be a reliable reference for the iodine nutritional assessment of the pregnant women in practice.