The accuracy of the cementoenamel junction identification on periapical films

Brezniak, N.; Goren, S.; Zoizner, R.; Shochat, T.; Dinbar, A.; Wasserstein, A.; Heller, M.

Angle Orthodontist 74(4): 496-500


ISSN/ISBN: 0003-3219
PMID: 15387027
Accession: 050565547

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In the study of orthodontically induced inflammatory root resorption, many researchers use the cementoenamel junction (CEJ) as a bisecting reference point to measure the amount of root shortening. The accuracy of the identification of the CEJ point might affect the conclusions of those studies. This study aims to find the effects of angular changes between the tooth and the film on the validity and reproducibility of identifying three different CEJ points, ie, the most apical CEJ point between the crown and the root, the most mesial CEJ point, and the most distal CEJ point. An extracted maxillary central incisor was placed in a special jig and radiographed at four different tooth to film angulations. Eight examiners were asked to identify the buccal and palatal CEJ, whereas six examiners were asked to identify the mesial and distal CEJ points, all on a computer monitor. The distances between the identified points and the apex were computed and compared with the actual ones. The angular changes between the tooth and the film did have a statistically significant effect on the identification of some of these CEJ points. The difference was significant on the identification of the buccal and palatal points but not on the mesial and the distal ones.