+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

The frequency of going outdoors, and physical, psychological and social functioning among community-dwelling older adults



The frequency of going outdoors, and physical, psychological and social functioning among community-dwelling older adults



Japanese Journal of Public Health 51(3): 168-180



This cross-sectional study examined the relationship between the frequency of going outdoors and physical, psychological, and social functioning among community-dwelling older people. Out of all residents aged 65 and over residing in Yoita town, Niigata prefecture (n = 1,673), 1,544 living at home participated in an interview survey held in November 2000. Physical, psychological, and social functioning were compared among four groups defined by the frequency of going outdoors: (1) at least once a day, (2) about once per 2-3 days, (3) about once a week, and (4) seldom. To examine the independent association between the frequency of going outdoors and potential factors, we used multiple logistic regression analysis. Overall distribution of the frequency of going outdoors among the subjects was 76.3% for at least once a day, 13.1% for about once per 2 or 3 days, 3.7% for about once a week, and 6.9% for seldom. The frequency of going outdoors did not differ between genders, but showed significant decrease with advancing age in both sexes. Elderly going outdoors more often were less functionally impaired, scored less for depression and were more socially active than their counterparts going outdoors less often. Multiple logistic regression analysis with the forced entry method identified walking difficulty and fear of falls as the most powerful independent factors associated with going outdoors less than or equal to once a week, while low social activity and a more depressed score were important factors associated with going outdoors about once per 2-3 days. The frequency of going outdoors may be regarded as a generic health indicator among community-dwelling elderly people.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 050638148

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 15114840


Related references

Frequency of going outdoors as a good predictors for incident disability of physical function as well as disability recovery in community-dwelling older adults in rural Japan. Journal of Epidemiology 16(6): 261-270, 2006

Psychological theory in an interdisciplinary context: psychological, demographic, health-related, social, and environmental correlates of physical activity in a representative cohort of community-dwelling older adults. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 10: 106, 2013

A 10-year community intervention for disability prevention and changes in physical, nutritional, psychological and social functions among community-dwelling older adults in Kusatsu, Gunma Prefecture, Japan. Japanese Journal of Public Health 61(6): 286-298, 2014

Discrepancies between crystallized and fluid ability are associated with frequency of social and physical engagement in community dwelling older adults. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology 40(10): 963-970, 2018

Going outdoors and cognitive function among community-dwelling older adults: Moderating role of physical function. Geriatrics and Gerontology International 16(1): 65-73, 2016

Depressive Symptoms, Self-Reported Physical Functioning, and Identity in Community-Dwelling Older Adults. Ageing International 35(4): 276-285, 2010

Physical Frailty and Cognitive Functioning in Korea Rural Community-Dwelling Older Adults. Journal of Clinical Medicine 7(11):, 2018

Physical functioning is associated with processing speed and executive functions in community-dwelling older adults. Journals of Gerontology. Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences 69(6): 837-844, 2014

Perception of unmet basic needs as a predictor of physical functioning among community-dwelling older adults. Journal of Aging and Health 18(6): 852-868, 2006

Relationship between Social Support Networks and Physical Functioning in Older Community-Dwelling Mexicans. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 14(9):, 2017

Effects of Tai Chi and Western exercise on physical and cognitive functioning in healthy community-dwelling older adults. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity 18(3): 261-279, 2010

Effects of physical exercise therapy on mobility, physical functioning, physical activity and quality of life in community-dwelling older adults with impaired mobility, physical disability and/or multi-morbidity: a meta-analysis. Ageing Research Reviews 11(1): 136-149, 2012

Association of psychological, cognitive, and functional variables with self-reported executive functioning in a sample of nondemented community-dwelling older adults. Applied Neuropsychology. Adult 24(4): 364-375, 2016

Health risk appraisal in older people 7: long-acting benzodiazepine use in community-dwelling older adults in London: is it related to physical or psychological factors?. Primary Health Care Research and Development 18(3): 253-260, 2017

Physical fitness and psychological benefits of strength training in community dwelling older adults. Applied Human Science 16(6): 257-266, 1997