+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

The primary parasomnias. A review for neurologists

The primary parasomnias. A review for neurologists

Neurologist 11(2): 90-97

Primary parasomnias are undesirable motor or verbal phenomena which occur during sleep and result in abnormal arousals. They occur out of all sleep stages or during transitions between sleep and awake. Secondary parasomnias are sleep disturbances that are caused by disorders of other organ systems. This review addresses only primary parasomnias. Arousal disorders and the parasomnias associated with REM sleep are the primary parasomnias most likely to be seen in a neurology practice. Sleep-wake transition disorders are also discussed with nocturnal leg cramps, probably the most common in this group. The salient clinical features of the primary parasomnias are discussed. Emphasis is placed on the differential diagnosis of the different conditions and the best management strategies. Parasomnias encountered in infancy, such as infant sleep apnea, are not discussed in this review. Parasomnias are common disturbances of sleep that may significantly affect the patient's quality of life and that of the bed partner. Most parasomnias can be diagnosed with careful history taking and polysomnography, and management is usually safe and effective.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 050699415

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 15733331

DOI: 10.1097/01.nrl.0000149970.67188.d6

Related references

A review of the adult primary sleep parasomnias. Medicine and Health Rhode Island 85(3): 95-98, 2002

The sleeping brain in Parkinson's disease: A focus on REM sleep behaviour disorder and related parasomnias for practicing neurologists. Journal of the Neurological Sciences 374: 32-37, 2017

Do neurologists and primary care physicians agree on the extent of specialty involvement of patients referred to neurologists?. Journal of General Internal Medicine 19(6): 654-661, 2004

Parasomnias: A Comprehensive Review. Cureus 10(12): E3807, 2018

Parasomnias: an updated review. Neurotherapeutics 9(4): 753-775, 2012

Update on parasomnias: a review for psychiatric practice. Psychiatry: 69-76, 2006

Parasomnias and antidepressant therapy: a review of the literature. Frontiers in Psychiatry 2: 71, 2011

Psychiatric Illness and Parasomnias: a Systematic Review. Current Psychiatry Reports 19(7): 37, 2017

Parasomnias A review with approach to patients in the clinic and management principles. 2013

Historical aspects of the neonatal neurological examination: why child neurologists are not 'little' adult neurologists. Journal of the History of the Neurosciences 4(1): 3, 1995

Neurologists cannot ignore global health issues. An initiative from young neurologists. European Journal of Neurology 23(11): 1597-1598, 2016

Guideline on the use of corticosteroids in Duchenne muscular dystrophy from paediatric neurologists, neurologists and rehabilitation physicians. Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde 150(12): 684-685, 2006

Primary care neurologists. Neurology 46(6): 1782-3; Author Reply 1783-4, 1996

Primary care neurologists. Neurology 46(6): 1783; Author Reply 1783-4, 1996

Primary care neurologists. Neurology 46(6): 1782; Author Reply 1783-4, 1996