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The sequence and phylogenetic analysis of avian reovirus genome segments M1, M2, and M3 encoding the minor core protein muA, the major outer capsid protein muB, and the nonstructural protein muNS



The sequence and phylogenetic analysis of avian reovirus genome segments M1, M2, and M3 encoding the minor core protein muA, the major outer capsid protein muB, and the nonstructural protein muNS



Journal of Virological Methods 133(2): 146-157



The sequences and phylogenetic analyses of the M-class genome segments of 12 avian reovirus strains are described. The S1133 M1 genome segment is 2283 base pairs long, encoding a protein muA consisted of 732 amino acids. Each M2 or M3 genome segment of 12 avian reovirus strains is 2158 or 1996 base pairs long, respectively, encoding a protein muB or muNS consisted of 676 and 635 amino acids, respectively. The S1133 genome segment has the 5' GCUUUU terminal motif, but each M2 and M3 genome segment displays the 5' GCUUUUU terminal motif which is common to other known avian reovirus genome segments. The UCAUC 3'-terminal sequences of the M-class genome segments are shared by both avian and mammalian reoviruses. Noncoding regions of both 5'- and 3'-termini of the S1133 M1 genome segment consist of 12 and 72 nucleotides, respectively, those of each M2 genome segment consist of 29 and 98 nucleotides, respectively, and those of each M3 genome segment are 24 and 64 nucleotides, respectively. Analysis of the average degree of the M-class gene and the deduced mu-class protein sequence identities indicated that the M2 genes and the muB proteins have the greatest level of sequence divergence. Computer searches revealed that the muA possesses a sequence motif (NH(2)-Leu-Ala-Leu-Asp-Pro-Pro-Phe-COOH) (residues 458-464) indicative of N-6 adenine-specific DNA methylase. Examination of the muB amino acid sequences indicated that the cleavage site of muB into muBN and muBC is between positions 42 and 43 near the N-terminus of the protein, and this site is conserved for each protein. During in vitro treatment of virions with trypsin to yield infectious subviral particles, both the N-terminal fragment delta and the C-terminal fragment phi were shown to be generated. The site of trypsin cleavage was identified in the deduced amino acid sequence of muB by determining the amino-terminal sequences of phi proteins: between arginine 582 and glycine 583. The predicted length of delta generated from muBC is very similar to that of delta generated from mammalian reovirus mu1C. Taken together, protein muB is structurally, and probably functionally, similar to its mammalian homolog, mu1. In addition, two regions near the C-terminal and with a propensity to form alpha-helical coiled-coil structures as previously indicated are observed for each protein muB. Phylogenetic analysis of the M-class genes revealed that the predicted phylograms delineated 3 M1, 5 M2, and 2 M3 lineages, no correlation with serotype or pathotype of the viruses. The results also showed that M2 lineages I-V consist of a mixture of viruses from the M1 and M3 genes of lineages I-III, reflecting frequent reassortment of these genes among virus strains.

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Accession: 050730332

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PMID: 16337282

DOI: 10.1016/j.jviromet.2005.10.031


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